The answer to the problem of ‘What is sociology? ' is very complex and i also will start simply by saying that sociology is a human science, research of humankind. However this description of sociology is usually partial, because it does not identify sociology via psychology, economics, history and other human sciences. It is important to mention that sociology studies contemporary society, as well as that it is concerned with man culture. Furthermore, many sociologists have recommended that we can easily define sociology as the topic that works with and clarifies social connection, which means that this examines the informal and formal interpersonal relationships involved in by interpersonal groups. Because of this sociology locations individuals in a social context as members of social groups, agencies and institutions (like the place where they work or all their place in a family).
However , if we consider the objectives of sociology dating back to the 19th hundred years, we realize that sociology is also a study of social purchase. Sociology consist of a number of competitive theories (such as Positivism, Marxism, etc) which every try to know how the components of society - the cultural relationships and institutions, contribute to the existence of 'society', which often includes sociable conflict, cultural change and many more aspects.
A sociologist is a person who desires to see the community in a fresh light and who wants to understand society in a disciplined approach. The sociologist realizes that things are not really what they seem to be, and that cultural reality has many levels of which means, of which every level offers us a new picture in the whole. Sociologists are not afraid to make surprising discoveries and don't take the universe for granted – they feel curious about how society and it is members function. Sociologists understand social inequality, patterns of behavior, makes for interpersonal change and resistance, and exactly how social devices work. Since Anthony Giddens stated, sociologists view sociology as a way of using the imagination in getting knowledge and understanding into what is considered as real truth.
It is very important to get conscious of what sociology can tell or instruct us, while the answers to this will be numerous. To begin with, it instructs us a brand new rational, critical way of observing and considering ourselves plus the world through which we live. It shows us how to apply and use sociological concepts, suggestions, and rules, wakens the awareness and provides form to things we were not able to understand before. Furthermore, sociology displays us that individuals are dependant upon culture – in which were taught what you should think and the way to do so. Since an answer, sociology opens each of our eyes, and takes all of us out of Plato's ‘cave of shadows', whree this teaches us sociological intelligence and the difference between opinion and fact.
Through sociology we develop the cabability to locate, assess and work with new info instead of just accepting it while facts. We all learn to inquire abuout, and begin to perceive considering as a thing that is a physical action, a procedure. Sociology shows us that individuals should take historic tendencies into account, and not this current as the sole perspective, as well as teaching all of us to recognize our own values and the way to hold them besides so we are able to do investigation and examination. Sociology allows us find out what we believe in and so why – it helps us develop self-consciousness regarding ourselves and society.
We also master that there are a variety of of sociological theories. Some are more oriented towards explaining society – and of what ought to be, while some are even more analytical, which usually deal with what is and see that society is determined by perception. Finally, some hypotheses are crucial – and deal with precisely what is and what should be altered.
Sociology is a very young research, and it's beginning is connected with a number of very important historic incidents, occurring inside the 18th hundred years, of which both most important were the so-called ‘Enlightenment' and the The french language Revolution.
Bibliography: 1 ) P. Bergerot (2001): ‘Invitation to Sociology', Niš, Gradina
installment payments on your A. Giddens (1999): ‘Sociology', Belgrade, Monetary Faculty
3. M. Mitrović, T. Petrović (1992): ‘Sociology', Belgrade, Zavod za udzbenike
some. W. Mills (1995): ‘Sociological Imagination', Belgrade, Plato